Advances in Agriculture and Agricultural Sciences

Advances in Agriculture and Agricultural Sciences ISSN 2756-326X Vol. 7 (1), pp. 001-006, January, 2021. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

A study of the effect of Cercospora leaf spot at different cultivars and fertilization level

Yong-Gang Li*, Li Zhang and Feng-Ming Mang

Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural College, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin Heilongjiang, 150030, People’s Republic of China.

Accepted 12 December, 2020

Cercospora leaf spot (CLS) caused by Cercospora beticola is one of the most destructive foliar disease of sugar beets in all sugar beet-growing areas worldwide. In this study, field trials were carried out to determine the effect of CLS at different cultivars and fertilization level. The result showed that level of resistance against C. beticola from 20 variables were differed significantly (P<0.05) and sorted KWS0149>BETA356>Hi0940>KWS6167>KWS8138>KWS4121>Hi0166>DVA02234>BETA807> KWS0142> Ma096> KWS9522> IS0436> BSTO2431> Ma097> BETA464> BETA812> KWS9145> Hi0474> Hi0732. But, Strong and weak of same varieties resistance from three locations apart from 100 km away of this trial series were significantly different. Levels of resistance against C. beticola from optimized fertilization were significant different (P<0.05). Low nitrogen reduced sugar beet resistant against C. beticola. And level of resistance from 20 variables were differd significantly (P<0.05) and were sorted N2P1K1> N2P 2K1>N2P2K0 > N2P2K2> N2P1K2> N1P2K1> N2P3K2> N2P2K3 > N2P0K2> N1P2K2> N3P2K2> N1P1K2> N0P0K0> N0P2K2. So, resistance against C. beticola improved after balance fertilizing. It is possible to reduce the pathogen appearance by using varieties resistance and balance fertilizing, which enhanced host resistance to soft rot disease in a way.

Key word: Sugar beet, cercospora leaf spot, varieties, resistance, fertilization level.