African Journal of Chemistry

African Journal of Chemistry ISSN 4391-3199 Vol. 5 (10), pp. 365-373, October, 2018. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Enhancing trends of intensity signal of trace level Hf in zirconium oxide using AES sequential addition method

Ishrat Rehana and Saeed Ahmed

CAFD, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Accepted 22 May, 2018


A sensitive, rapid and simple method to detect Hf at trace level in Zr has been described. It is based on the sequential addition of sample after each pre excitation period, in presence of graphite as buffer. The improvement with respect to the other published procedures lies in the use of solid powdered sample, omitting the step of wet chemistry or use of any optical filter. The enhancing trends of intensity curves were also studied for various stages. The coefficient of variation was found to be within the range 6 - 12% for different batches of samples. The detection limit was found to be 30 µgg -1. The improved sensitivity, accuracy and rapidity make it suitable for routine evaluation of Hf using emission spectroscopy.

Key words: Hafnium, zirconium, intensity, AES