African Journal of Estate and Property Management

African Journal of Estate and Property Management ISSN 2756-3308 Vol. 8 (3), pp. 001-016, March, 2021. © International Scholars Journals


Clean energies for sustainable development for built environment

Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Energy Research Institute (ERI), Forest Road West, Nottingham NG7 4EU, UK. E-mail:

Accepted 08 December, 2020


The move towards a de-carbonised world, driven partly by climate science and partly by the business opportunities it offers, will need the promotion of environmentally friendly alternatives, if an acceptable stabilisation level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is to be achieved. This requires the harnessing and use of natural resources that produce no air pollution or greenhouse gases and provides comfortable coexistence of human, livestock, and plants. This article presents a comprehensive review of energy sources, and the development of sustainable technologies to explore these energy sources. It also includes potential renewable energy technologies, efficient energy systems, energy savings techniques and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce climate changes. The article concludes with the technical status of the ground source heat pumps (GSHP) technologies.

Key words: Climate, energy, natural resources, carbon dioxide, technologies.