African Journal of Internal Medicine

African Journal of Internal Medicine ISSN 2326-7283 Vol. 3 (10), pp. 332-337, November, 2015.  © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in medical consultation at the National Teaching Hospital “Hubert Koudougou Maga” of Cotonou / Benin

AZON-KOUANOU Angèle1, KEREKOU Anelie2, ZANNOU Djimon Marcel1, AGBODANDE Kouessi Anthelme1, BOCOVO Gbènandé Mylidia Alida1, ADE Gabriel1, HOUNGBE Fabien1, HOUINATO Dismand Stéphane3

1Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Oncology, 2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, 3Department of Neurology, National Teaching Hospital (NTH) “Hubert Koutoukou Maga” (HKM) of Cotonou / Benin.

Corresponding author E-mail: Email: angele.azonkouanou@gmail.com. Tel: (00 229) 97 99 78 50.

Accepted 31 October, 2015

Abstract

The objective was to assess the hospital prevalence of overweight and obesity outpatients medical consultation at NTH-HKM Cotonou. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted in medical consultation NTH-HKM Cotonou from June to September 2011. Overweight and obesity were identified from the Body Mass Index (BMI) calculated based on the formula weight (kg) / size (m)2. Overweight was defined by a BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg / m2 and obesity BMI> 30 kg / m². Results: Out of the 1,000 patients studied, 556 (55.6%) were females (sex ratio equal to 1.3). The average age of patients was 48.1 ± 14.5 years-old. Overweight was observed in 353 patients (35.3%) and obesity in 275 (27.5%). Male prevalence of overweight was 36.5% (162 out of 444 cases) against 34.4% for females (191 cases out of 556) (p = 0.48), while male prevalence of obesity was 16.9% against 36% for females (p <10-7). These rates of prevalence increased significantly with age (p <10-6). Occupation (housewife, unemployed) and marital status (married, divorced) were identified as associated factors. Conclusion: The high prevalence of overweight and obesity in our study calls for raising awareness about the lifestyle and the practice of physical activities among the population.

Keywords: Obesity, overweight, prevalence, internal medicine, NTH-HKM, Cotonou, Bénin.


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African Journal of Internal Medicine

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