African Journal of Immunology Research

African Journal of Immunology Research ISSN 9431-5833 Vol. 3 (6), pp. 183-193, June, 2016. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

A study of selected biomarkers for monitoring effects of pollution in coastal areas of Indonesia

Khusnul Yaqin1*, Bibiana Widiati Lay2, Etty Riani2, Zainal Alim Masud2 and Peter-Diedrich Hansen3

1Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Marine science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan

Km 10, Makassar 90245, Indonesia.

2Environmental Science Study Programme, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia.

3Department of Ecotoxicology, Technische Universitaet, Faculty VI, Franklin Strasse 29 (OE4), D-10587 Berlin, Germany.

*Corresponding author. Email:

Accepted 04 May, 2016


Selected biomakers, Cholinesterase (ChE) and phagocytic activities have been investigated with the exposed green mussel PERNA VIRIDIS in Indonesian coastal waters. An operative effect-based monitoring on two polluted sites and one reference area were investigated for aquaculture enterprises and human health aspects. Between two heavily polluted sites, green mussels from Cilincing indicated a lower level of the ChE activity than those from Kamal Muara. The phagocytic activity of green mussels from the polluted sites demonstrated significant higher activity than that of green mussels from the pristine site, Pangkep. However, there were no significant differences of phagocytic activities between the polluted sites. This might indicate that the existing pollutants in Jakarta Bay were more neurotoxic rather than immonotoxic substances. The results showed clearly that both selected biomarkers were potential valuable tools for effect-based monitoring and pollution impacts in coastal zones of Indonesia.

Key words: Green mussel, biomarkers, coastal zone management, Indonesia.