International Journal of Agroforestry and Silviculture

International Journal of Agroforestry and Silviculture ISSN: 2375-1096 Vol. 11 (3), pp. 001-005, March, 2023. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Influence of NPK fertilizer on tuber yield of early and late-planted cassava in a forest alfisol of south-western Nigeria

Agbaje G. O.* and Akinlosotu T. A.

Institute of Agricultural Research and Training Obafemi Awolowo University,Moor Plantation, P.M.B. 5029, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Accepted 19 January, 2023


Four new cassava varieties ( NR 8082, TMS 00033, TMS 91/ 453 and TMS 00447) were fertilized with NPK ( 20- 10-10) at the rates of 0, 200, 400, and 800 kg/ha in an experiment with the crop planted early (April) in 1999 and then late (September) in 2000. Tuber yield was 28% higher in early-planted cassava than in the late cultivation. Yield was reduced by 44% in NR8082, 15% in TMS 00033 and 45% in TMS 00447 as a result of late planting. Tuber yield from NR 8082 (44t /ha) was the highest for early-planting while TMS 00033 gave the highest yield (31 t/ha) in late planting. Fertilizer influence on tuber yield was not significant in early-planted cassava. In late-planted cassava, significant reduction in yields was observed from the application of 400 and 800kg/hectare of fertilizer. Incidence of tuber rot was influenced by varietal differences rather than fertilizer rates. Incidence of rot was lowest in NR8082 (9-10%) and TMS 00033 (10-11%) in both plantings and the severity was mild in all the varieties. TMS 00033, a low cyanide variety, have tuber yields above 30 t/ha in both early and late plantings and is therefore recommended for adoption trials by farmers.

Key words: Early and late planting, cassava varieties and tuber rot.