International Journal of Bacteriology and Mycology

International Journal of Bacteriology and Mycology ISSN 2756-3669 Vol. 8 (2), pp. 001-009, February, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Formulation and evaluation of novel mucoadhesive ketorolac tromethamine liquid suppository

Esmail Mohamed Ramadan, Thanaa Mohamed Borg* and Maha Osama Elkayal

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Accepted 13 October, 2019

Abstract

Ketorolac tromethamine (KT) loaded mucoadhesive liquid suppository was prepared as a site-specific mucoadhesive rectal dosage form. Poloxamer mixture formed of 21% P407 and 9% P188 were used as liquid suppository base. In-vitro release rate of KT from liquid suppository was studied and compared to that from conventional suppository. The safety of the prepared suppository on GIT was conducted, hepatotoxicity of KT after 5 days of administration of liquid suppository was evaluated histologically and biochemically. The levels of liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were used as the biochemical markers of liver damage. The results obtained revealed that the addition of KT increased the gelation temperature of poloxamer gel and reduced the gel strength and the mucoadhesive force. The study of the release rate of KT from liquid suppository was significantly higher than from conventional suppositories. Histological pictures of the GI tissues indicated no pathological damage after 5 days of rectal administration compared to oral administration. Also, it was revealed that no hepato-cellular damage occurred after administration of liquid suppository; unlike oral administration, which produced certain hepato-toxicity. The administration of KT liquid suppository did not significantly increase the basic levels of ALT and AST when compared to the control. On the other hand, the administration of KT oral solution in a dose of 10 mg/kg body weight/day for 5 days significantly increased serum ALT and AST levels, thus, KT liquid suppository in poloxamer gel was a convenient, safe and effective rectal dosage form for administration with lower hepato-toxic effect.

Key words: Liquid suppository, poloxamer, ketorolac tromethamine, safety, histological study.