International Journal of Horticulture and Floriculture

International Journal of Horticulture and Floriculture ISSN 2756-3790 Vol. 10 (6), pp. 001-003, June, 2022. © International Scholars Journals

Short Communication

Variation in the essential oil composition of Artemisia annua L. of different growth stages cultivated in Iran

Verdian-rizi Mohammadreza

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: mverdian@razi.tums.ac.ir. Tel: (9821) 44560215. Fax: (9821) 66461178.

Accepted 3 March, 2021

Abstract

Variation in the quantity and quality of the essential oil of Artemisia annua L. (Asteraceae) at different developmental growth stages including pre-flowering, flowering and post-flowering, are reported. The oils were obtained by hydro distillation of the air-dried samples. The yields of oils (w/w %) in different stages were in the order of: pre-flowering (0.97%), flowering (1.23%) and flowering (0.87%). The oils were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In total, 32, 35 and 33 constituents were identified and quantified in the oil of pre-flowering, flowering and post-flowering plants, representing 97.67, 92 and 92.4% of the oils, respectively. Camphor, 1,8-cineole, camphene, spathunelol, –pinene and artemisia ketone were the main compounds in all samples. Monoterpenes were the main group of compounds in pre-flowering (69.96%), flowering (72.44%) and post flowering (70.96%) stages.

Key words: Artemisia annua L., essential oil, GC/MS, variation.