International Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
International Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology ISSN 2326-7291 Vol. 11 (6), pp. 001-004, June, 2022. © International Scholars Journals
Full Length Research paper
Hepatocellular carcinoma: Risk factors, pattern of presentation and outcome in a tertiary health facility
Akande Oladimeji Ajayi1*, Ebenezer Adekunle Ajayi 2 and Oluwole Akinwumi Komolafe3
1Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 201, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
2Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 201, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria.
3Department of Histopathology, Ladoke Akintola University Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria.
Accepted 15 January, 2022
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the fifth most common cancer in the world. Its incidence is increasing worldwide ranging between 3 and 9% annually. The aim of this study was to see the pattern of clinical presentation, identify the possible risk factors and the clinical outcome among HCC patients presenting at our health facility. The case records of all patients with histopathological diagnosis of HCC within the study period June 2003-May 2008 were scrutinized. Demographic, clinical presentation, investigations, risk factors and outcome data were extracted. Data analysis was done using the SPSS computer soft ware. Logistic regression model was fitted to identify the impact of the various risk factors on HCC. A total number of 53 patients with histopathological diagnosis of HCC were registered. Their ages ranged from 35 to 73 and mean age of 50±21.8 years. Thirty seven (69.8%) were males while sixteen (30.2%) were females giving M: F ratio of 2.31:1. The left lobe was affected in 15.1% (8), right lobe in 22.6% (12) and both lobes in 62.3% (33). 54.7% tested positive for HBsAg, 3.8% were HCV-Ab positive. All the patients in this study presented at an advanced stage of the disease. Aflatoxin exposure, though not proven, because no test was done to incriminate it, was highly suspected and could be a major risk factor in this study; hence efforts need to be doubled up as regards effective awareness campaigns, general health /social education and food perseveration methods.
Key words: Hepatocellular carcinoma, aflatoxin, hepatitis B and C.
List of Other Journals
PDF Downloaded 153