International Journal of Urology and Nephrology

International Journal of Urology and Nephrology Vol. 2 (2), pp. 052-054, August, 2014. © International Scholars Journals

Case report

Acute phosphate nephropathy due to use of phosphorous enema: Case report

Jamshid Hamdard1, Rumeyza Kazancıoğlu1, Işın Kılıçaslan2, Yasemin Özlük2, Murat Alay1, Ruhper Çekin1 and Reha Erkoç1

1Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nephrology, Istanbul, Turkey.

2Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Istanbul, Turkey.

*Corresponding author. E-mail: jamshidhamdard@hotmail.com

Accepted 11 June, 2014

Abstract

Acute phosphate nephropathy is a rare but serious type of kidney injury that commonly occurs after the use of bowel purgatives that contain oral sodium phosphate. Bowel purgatives are widely used to prepare patients for colonoscopy, but their use can cause acute or chronic kidney disease. Acute phosphate nephropathy is a type of crystal nephropathy characterized by tubular and interstitial deposition of calcium phosphate. Here we presented a case of acute kidney injury following the use of a sodium phosphate-containing enema who required a renal biopsy for diagnosis.

Key words: acute phosphate nephropathy, acute kidney injury, oral sodium phosphate, crystal nephropathy, colon cleansing. 


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