African Journal of Geography and Regional Planning ISSN 3627-8945 Vol. 5 (3), pp. 001-006, March, 2018. © International Scholars Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Indigenous people’s perception on climate change and adaptation strategies in Jema’a local government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria
Ishaya, S.1 and Abaje, I. B.2*
1Department of Geography, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria.
2Department of Geography, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan-Waya, Nigeria.
Accepted 12 November, 2017
This study examines the way indigenous people in Jema’a Local Government Area of Kaduna State perceive climate change and their adaptation strategies to climate change. The paper also asks indigenous people of the impacts of climate change on their various activities and any perceive hindrance to its adaptation. A total of 225 questionnaires were administered in five settlements within the study area, although only 200 of these questionnaires were used for the purpose of analysis. Findings revealed that indigenous people in the study area perceived that the environment, climate in particular, has been changing over the years due to diverse human activities. Findings also revealed that the threat of climate change is more on health, food supply, biodiversity lost and fuelwood availability than on businesses and instigating of disaster; and it is the poor, who depend heavily on the natural resources that are mostly affected by incidence of climate change. In adapting to climate change indigenous people cultivate different/varieties of crops which are tolerant to climate change and shortening of growing season as adaptation strategies. Result further revealed that lack of improve seeds, lack of assess to water for irrigation, lack of current knowledge of modern adaptation strategies, lack of capital, lack of awareness and knowledge of climate change scenarios are the hindering factors to the adoption of modern techniques of combating climate changes in the area.
Keywords: Indigenous people’s, perception, climate change, adaptation strategies, Jema’a.