International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences ISSN: 2167-0404 Vol. 3 (1), pp. 317-320, January, 2013 © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Plain radiographic pattern of chronic sinusitis in Port Harcourt: our recent experience

Maduforo C. O.1, Ibinaiye P. 2 and Onotai L. O.*3

1Department of Radiology, College of Health Sciences, University Of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

2Department of Radiology, College of Health Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. 

3Department of Ear Nose and Throat Surgery, University Of   Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author.E-mail:   

Received 08 January, 2012; Accepted 26 January, 2013.


Chronic sinusitis is a globally common disease found in otolaryngology practice. Whereas, provisional diagnosis could be on the basis of clinical history and physical examination, radiology and sinus endoscopy are necessary in making definitive diagnosis and management protocol. Plain radiography is the mainstay of radiological diagnosis in most developing countries because it is cheap, simple and widely available. This study therefore established plain radiographic pattern of chronic sinusitis and highlighted our recent experience with these radiographs in the management of chronic sinusitis in our setting. A prospective study of radiographs of 120 patients with chronic sinusitis was carried out between May 2011 to March 2012 in Ear, Nose and Throat clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH). The patients’ bio-data (age, gender), clinical features and plain radiographic findings were collected and entered into a proforma. The data was entered into the version 16 of the Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS16). Simple descriptive statistics in the form of mean, frequency distribution tables and percentages were used to illustrate the data. Out of the 120 patients, 70 (58%) were males and 50 (41.7%) were females giving a male to female ratio of 1.4:1. Age range was 1-75 years with average age of 39.1 years. The radiographic abnormalities are haziness or cloudiness, complete opacification, air-fluid level and muco-periosteal thickening. Eighty radiographs (66.7%) demonstrated abnormality in one or both maxillary sinuses; 41 (34.2%) in the ethmoid; 15 (12.5%) in the frontal and 2 (1.7%) in the sphenoidal sinus. The maxillary sinus was mostly involved in the disease process of chronic sinusitis. Besides, chronic sinusitis was found to be commoner in the young adults. However, plain radiographs of the paranasal sinuses are still useful in the management of chronic sinusitis despite its shortcomings in our setting.

Key words: Plain radiography, pattern, chronic sinusitis, Paranasal sinuses, Port Harcourt.