African Journal of Internal Medicine ISSN: 2326-7283 Vol. 9 (7), pp. 001-005, July, 2021. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Polyarteritis nodosa associated with hepatitis C virus infection

F.A. Wanvoegbe1,3, T. Maillet1, A. Turcu1, H. Devilliers1, G. Muller1, P. Hillon2, K. A. Agbodande3, A. Azon-Kouanou3, P. Bielefeld1, JF. Besancenot1

1Internal Medicine and Systemic Diseases Department, Dijon Bourgogne’sTeaching Hospital, France.

2Hepato-gastro-enterology Department, Dijon Bourgogne’sTeaching Hospital, France.

3Faculty of Health Sciences of Cotonou, Benin.

Accepted 14 June, 2021 

Abstract

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic, necrotizing vasculitis of medium and small arteries, without glomerulonephritis and not associated with the presence of ANCA. This is a rare condition occurring at any age, with a slight male predominance. In the majority of PAN cases, there is no evidence of aetiology. However, an infectious cause is sometimes found, foremost among which is infection with the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis C virus, on the other hand, is little associated with vasculitis. We report here a case of PAN associated with hepatitis C virus infection in a 40-year-old patient, a former drug addict, whose progress under treatment was satisfactory.

Keywords: Polyarteritis nodosa, hepatitis C virus, vasculitis, drug addict, Dijon.